Στα πλαίσια του Π.Μ.Σ “Εφαρμοσμένη Οικονομική & Ανάλυση Δεδομένων ”του Τμήματος Οικονομικών Επιστημών θα πραγματοποιηθεί διάλεξη την Δευτέρα 17/05/2021 και ώρα 16.00 με θέμα “ Crime in the Era of COVID-19: Evidence from England” (Crime in the Era of COVID-19: Evidence from England by Kyriakos C. Neanidis, Maria Paola Rana :: SSRN)από τον καθηγητή Δρ. Kyriakos Neanidis (Manchester University, UK)
Abstract: The rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and the prescribed countermeasures of restrictions to mobility and social distancing are disrupting economic activity around the world. This applies to legal economic activity but also to criminal behavior and illegal activity. In this study, we investigate the effects of COVID-19-induced lockdowns on recorded crime in England. The enforcement of lockdowns in the country at both the national and local levels, temporally and spatially, allows unveiling the impact on criminal activities by type of shutdown policy. We use official crime data across the universe of local authorities dating back to May 2013 for all recorded crime categories. We find that (1) National lockdowns decrease all types of criminal behavior, except for anti-social behavior, drug offences and crimes against public order which are recording increases. (2) Relaxing national lockdown restrictions attenuates the initial crime effects of strict lockdowns across all crimes. (3) Local lockdowns affect fewer crime categories, limited to increasing anti-social behavior and weapons possession offences and decreasing bicycle theft and other theft violations, with findings being driven by late-entry areas of such policies. (4) A change in the local lockdown scheme implemented by the government in October 2020 does not have a markedly dissimilar effect on criminal activity compared to the earlier scheme. (5) Back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest that government-mandated lockdowns reduced the economic costs of crime by approximately £4.3 billion for the country as a whole (in 2020 British pounds).
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Kyriakos Neanidis completed his BSc and MSc degrees in Economics from the University of Macedonia and then obtained a PhD in Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He joined the University of Manchester in 2004 and currently is Reader in Macroeconomics. His research activity has covered a wide range of theoretical and empirical topics in development macroeconomics, with focus on issues that relate to economic growth, foreign aid, and public finance. He has also contributed to the economics of crime, while recently monetary and macroprudential policymaking have become major interests. Kyriakos has published in a range of specialised and general interest journals, including the Journal of Banking and Finance, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Journal of Financial Stability, and Macroeconomic Dynamics.